Roman fort, Civitas capital, wall, triple ditches.
Timber buildings found. Other buildings included a forum with a basilica and baths. East end of the fort produced a frigidarium during excavations.
The south gate passageway measured 13ft long and 12ft wide and comprised of 7ft square guardrooms. The walls measured 3ft thick and the doors were 4ft wide. The city wall measured 10ft wide, resting on a plinth, overall measured 12ft wide and stood to a height of 17ft.
70 Town formed after the repression of Boudicca’s revolt. Grid street plan laid out.
90-120 c: Street at south gate possibly dates from
125 c: Forum and basilica built.
140 Before: Bathe built.
2nd C Two Roman Celtic temples existed on the site with possible earth defences.
2nd C Ditches filled in.
2nd-4th C Late to early: Baths and forum destroyed by fire.
200 Town wall dates from, enclosing 34 acres.
270-290 c: Forum rebuilt.
3rd C End: Baths and forum rebuilt. Fortifications rebuilt of flint and brick enclosing 35 acres, with a wall banked behind and the ditch in front. Walls had two different typed of bastions. The gate was at the southern end with an inturn in the wall. The gateway included a tower flanked by two guard chambers.
360 Started to decay.
5th C Occupied.
7th-8th C Activity on site. Dating from: finds include pottery, coins and burials.
1970 Field Investigation.
1980 Field Investigation.
1984 Before: Owned by Mrs. F.H. Hawkins.
1984 Acquired by the National Trust.
1990 Scheduling revised.
1992 Watching Brief.
1993 Geophysical Survey.
1994 Evaluated and Watching Brief.
1994 Geophysical Survey.
1995 Geophysical Survey.
1996 Geophysical Survey.
1997 Geophysical Survey.
1997 Watching Brief.
1999 Geophysical Survey.
2001 Geophysical Survey.
2011 Scheduling area extended.
2016 Geophysical Survey.
2018 Scheduling area extended.