Burgh Castle

 

Burgh Castle aerial – the best preserved Roman monument in East Anglia – The remains of the fort are in the guardianship of English Heritage.
By John D. Fielding – https://www.flickr.com/photos/john_fielding/16572847292, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65024327

 

  • Burgh, Norfolk
  • OSGB – TG 4764 0460
  • Scheduled Monument
  • Monument Number 133757

 

Trapezoid shaped Roman fort, Saxon shore fort measuring approximately 672.5ft by 328ft and the standing walls measuring  approximately  9.8ft wide at the base and standing 13 – 19.6ft high. The walls were 10ft thick and made of split flint and interlaced with tiles, they had flanking horse-shoe bastions and gates plus a postern. The north east corner had timber buildings which included the barrack block.

 

*`                                 Castle was built in the north west corner of the site.

3rdC                            Late: Built.

4th C                            Walls built. Occupied by a unit of the Stablesian cavalry

4th C                            Middle c: Occupied until.

633                              Monastery on site was founded by St. Fursey of Ireland on the land given to the East Angles by King Sighebert. It comprised of circular timber buildings measuring between 16 – 26 ft.

7th C                            Site on a monastery.

11th-12th C                   Late – early: Castle built with a motte surrounded by a ditch. The ditch measured 59ft wide and 13ft deep and enclosed an area of 236.2ft by 173.8ft. The tower was constructed in timber and the fort was used as the bailey.

1770                            The Norman motte was partially removed.

1839                            The motte was levelled and the ditch was filled in.

1850-1855                   Excavated by H. Harrod, Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society. 1930            Excavated by P.E. Rumblelow, Ministry of Works.

1958-1961                   Excavated.

1972                            Field Investigation.

1994                            Excavated.

1995                            Scheduled.

1997                            Watching Brief.

20th C                          Three of the walls were still standing.

 

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