Huntingdon Castle

  • Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire
  • OSGB – TL 2409 7145
  • Scheduled Monument

 

 

*                                    Medieval motte and bailey castle with two baileys. The motte measuring 200ft in diameter at the base and 120ft in diameter at the top and standing 40ft high with the rampart measuring between 3-8ft high.

*                                    The railway cuts through part of the south side of the site.

899-924                         Edward the Elder fortified the site.

917                                King Edward occupied the site after driving out the Danes.

921                                Repaired by Edward the Elder.

1068                              Built by William I as a motte and bailey castle.

1069                              c; The second bailey was constructed.

1086                              Held by Countess Judith, widow of Walthof, niece of William I.

1135-1154                     Inherited by David, King of Scotland, through his wife, Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon.

1173                              18th June: Besieged by Richard de Luci, Justicar.

1173                              20th July: Still under siege.

1173                              21st July: Surrendered to Henry II.

1174                              Besieged and captured following the collapse of Prince Henry’s revolt. Partly demolished with iron hooks – suggesting that part may still have been made of timber.

1174                              Destroyed by Henry II. Held by William the Lion, King of Scotland.

12th C                            Another mound was built a few hundred yards from the original motte.

1237                              John le Scot died and this ended the ownership of the site by the Earls of Huntingdon.

13th C                            Mid: Part of the grounds used as a vineyard.

1306                              Robert Brus forfeited the castle.

1327                              Chapel granted to the Prior and convent of Huntingdon. Gaol mentioned on the site.

1327-1337                     During: Edward III granted it to Mary de Sancto Paulo, Countess of Pembroke.

1337                              Granted to William de Clinton, created Earl of Huntingdon.

1354                              William de Clinton died and it went to the Crown.

15th C                            Warden appointed.

16th C                            Warden appointed.

1610                              Windmill shown on site of Speed’s map.

1629                              Granted to Gilbert North.

1642-1651                     Civil War: Refortified by Oliver Cromwell including ditches and a gun emplacement which protected the River Ouse.

1646                              July: The garrison at the castle was disbanded.

1646                              August: Slighted and partly demolished by Parliament.

1685                              Held by Sir Robert Bernard.

17th C                            Early: Leased to Sir Robert Rich.

1847                              East Anglian railway bought some of the site from Lady Olivia Bernard Sparrow.

1866                              William, Duke of Manchester, sold part of the site and leased the other to Mr David Veasey.

1871                              Mr David Veasey bought the leasehold.

1875                              Mill on site pulled down.

1917                              The northern part of the site was sold by Mr. Veasey to Mr. Howard Coote.

1918                              Mr David Veasey, grandson, bought the main site from the Duke of Manchester.

1918                              23rd October: Mr David Veasey presented it to the Corporation of Huntingdon in memory of his father Archdeacon Francis Gerald Veasey.

1922                              Part of the site was bought by Mr. W. E. Driver of Huntingdon.

1960’s                           Watching Brief by Cambridge County Council Archaeological Field Unit.

1963                              Watching Brief by Cambridge County Council Archaeological Field Unit.

1970                              Field Investigation.

1973                              Watching Brief by Cambridge County Council Archaeological Field Unit.

1974                              Excavated by Cambridgeshire Archaeological Committee.

1975                              Excavated by Cambridgeshire Archaeological Committee.

1986                              Field Investigation.

1987                              Scheduled.

1995                              Scheduled.

 

 

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