* Medieval moated Bishop’s Palace with a stone curtain wall
1066 c: Residence of the Bishops of Lincoln.
1086 Mentioned as belonging to the Bishops of Lincoln.
1186-1200 Hugh of Avalon was Bishop of Lincoln.
12C – 1842 Residence of the Bishops of Lincoln.
1209-1235 During: Bishop Hugh de Wells rebuilt the house.
1225 c: Hugh de Wells built a new house, replacing the timber one.
1235-53 Building work continued by Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln. Including the Great Hall.
1248 Visited by Henry III.
1291 Visited by Edward I. Mostly destroyed by fire, but was rebuilt immediately when Thomas de Bayvill obtained a Licence for oak from the Forest of Keybridge.
1472-1480 Bishop Scott built a tower and altered the Hall.
1480 Towers were completed, in brick, by Bishop Rotherham.
1480-1485 During: Building undertaken by Bishop Rotherham and completed by Bishop Russell, who built the gatehouse.
1483 Visited by Richard III.
1495-1514 New chapel built by Bishop William Smith.
1501 Visited by Margaret Beaufort (mother of Henry VII).
1533-1534 Katherine of Aragon was sent here by Henry VIII, following their divorce.
1541 Visited by Henry VIII and Katherine Howard.
1551 Visited by Henry and Charles Brandon, sons of the Duke of Suffolk.
1595 Bishop Chaderton could not afford to stay and moved to a place near Buckden. He let Buckden Palace fall into ruin.
1619 Visited by James I.
1625-1642 Bishop John Williams repaired and refurbished the stables, barns, cloisters and grounds.
1637 Bishop John Williams was sent to the Tower of London. A solicitor to the Star Chamber, Kilvert, ravaged the place, cut down the trees and killed the deer.
1641 Bishop Winniffe was Bishop of Lincoln.
1641-1642 Bishop Winniffe had the lands taken by Parliament
1649 Alderman Sir Christopher Pack bought the towers for £8174.82 and pulled down most of the buildings
1654 Thomas Winniffe wrote to Cromwell asking for payment of rent.
1660 The site was returned to the Bishops of Lincoln. Bishop Saunderson repaired and restored it, including building rooms on the Cloister site.
1667 Visited by Samuel Pepys.
1675-1691 Bishop Barlow spent most of his time at the site.
1691 Bishop Barlow died and was buried in the grounds.
1750 Count Zingdorf, Bishop of the Moravian sect was received by Bishop Thomas at the site.
1787-1820 Bishop Pretyman-Tomline built a library and Mourning Room and filled in the moat.
1790 Visited by the Hon John Byng, later Viscount Torrington,
1814 Visited by the Prince Regent, later George IV.
1820-1837 Bishop Kaye lived at the site and added a turret staircase on the north side of the entrance hall
1838-1839 Demolition work began. Domestic buildings were demolished. As well as part of the gatehouse and the Great Tower.
1842 The site was conveyed to the vicar of Buckden. The remaining buildings and park became part of the Vicarage.
1870 Sold by the vicar and brought by Mr. James Marshall.
1871 The Great Chamber and chapel, built by Bishop Smith, were demolished, the west part of the moat filled in and the bridge was demolished.
1872 Buckden Towers was built on the north section by Arthur Wellington Marshall and the moat was filled in.
* Sir Arthur Wellington Marshall sold it to the Rev. Dr. Joseph Edleston.
1914-1918 WWI: The site was used as a convalescent home.
1919 Sold to Robert Holmes Edleston, who rebuilt part of the gatehouse.
1939-1945 WWII: Used for evacuees.
1945 After: Donated to Bishop Parker of Northampton by Dr. Edleston’s sister.
1956 Given to the Claretain Missionaries.
1957 The Claretain Missionaries moved in and restored the site.
1971 Field Investigation.
1974 St. Claret Centre was opened to visitors.
1988 Appeal started to help with repairs.
1995 Queen Katherine’s Tudor Knot Garden was opened.
1996 Watching Brief by Cambridge Archaeological Unit, University of Cambridge.
20C Christian retreat and conference centre.