673 The Archbishop of Canterbury held the first Synod of the English church on the site. People attending included Bishops from East Anglia, Kent, Mercia, Northumbria and Essex.
905 Fortified by Edward the Elder.
1066 After: Built by William I who appointed a constable to it.
1070 The castle was built of stone.
1171-1174 ?: Pentagonal shaped curtain surrounding the inner bailey which linked up with the stone walling which ascends the side of the motte. Henry II spent money on the castle.
1182-1183 Money as spent on the castle.
1190-1192 Geoffrey Fitz Peter was Constable.
1199 Living accommodation was built.
12 C Stone walls and towers were added.
1202 August: Robert Fitz Walter was Constable. Later in the year Richard de Montfitchet was Constable.
1211 Passed to the Crown.
1212 John Fitz Hugh was Constable but had to hand it over to John de Bassingbourn later in the year.
1215 Taken by the Baron’s against King John.
1216 Louis of France took the castle after a one month siege.
1216 Walter de Godarville was Governor of the castle followed by Robert Fitz Walter.
1223 Before: Constable was Falkes de Breaute, then it was handed to William de Eynesford.
1224 7th January: Granted to Stephen de Seagrave.
1224-1228 22nd January: Was handed to Richard de Argenten.
1225 The gate was repaired.
1228 Granted to Raymond de Burgh.
1230 Before 23rd January: Granted to William de Colworth.
1230 23rd January: Granted to Raymond de Burgh.
1230 3rd July: Granted to William de Colworth.
1230 25th September: Granted to John de Burgh.
1230 Late: Granted to Hugh de Burgh.
1232 Hugh de Burgh had to hand over the castle to Stephen de Seagrave.
1234 May; Held by Robert Passelewe.
1234 Late: Held by William de Colworth.
1236 May: William de Colworth handed it to Peter de Tony.
1242-1246 Richard de Montfitchet was Custodian.
1247-1249 William de Vallance, brother to the Henry III, was granted the castle.
1300 The Hall, chamber, wardrobe and kitchen were all repaired.
1301 The bakehouse and the bridge were repaired.
1302 Outer gates and chamber over the gate was repaired.
1309 Four Knights Templars were imprisoned in the castle.
1327 A survey was made of the castle.
1327-1377 Between: Edward III gave the castle to his mother.
1357 Works undertaken on the castle.
1358 22nd August: Isabella, widow of Edward II died at the castle.
1360 Edward III gave the castle to his son, John of Gaunt.
1396-1399 Richard I used the castle as his main residence.
1377 The King had possession of the castle.
1379-1399 c: Richard II visited the castle.
1397 Works undertaken on the castle.
14 C Joanna, Queen of Scotland, was granted the castle by Edward III.
1424 Works undertaken on the castle. The Bishop of Durham surrendered the Great Seal in the Great Hall of the castle.
1427 Henry VI stayed, on and off, at the castle.
1428 Was the summer residence of the King.
1455 Margaret of Anjou was held under house arrest at the castle.
1463 Brick gatehouse of three storeys added as well as towers to the curtain wall.
1522-1523 A survey was made of the castle.
1539 December: Princess Mary stayed at the castle.
1558-1559 The Duchy of Lancaster stayed at the castle.
1560 Works undertaken on the castle.
1563 Law Courts were held at the castle.
1581 Law Courts were held at the castle.
1587-1588 Castle surveyed. Most apartments need rebuilding.
1592 Law Courts were held at the castle.
1603-1610 c: Demolished.
1609-1610 Castle was surveyed as it was in ruins.
1628 Fell into disrepair.
1790’s Windows were added to the gatehouse and given a neo-Gothic appearance by the Earl of Hillsborough.
1911 Lord Salisbury leased the castle to the local council.
1926 Excavated .
1972 Watching Brief.
1996 Watching Brief.
1997 Geophysical Survey of the curtain wall.
2002 Inner moat evaluated.
2005 Part of the curtain wall collapsed.